Bwindi Impenetrable National Park
Bwindi Impenetrable National Park is along D R Congo border close to Virunga National Park on the perimeter of western Rift Valley that is in southwestern of Uganda.
It comprises of 331 square kilometers of tropical forest i.e. lowland and Montana forest.
The National park receives regular rain fall of 1,500mm, and it’s an essential catchments area, the oasis of 5 foremost rivers, that gush into Lake Albert.
It’s on record as the main natural forest in Africa,
largely due to its antiquity and an altitude range of between 1,160 and 2,607m above sea level. The park is a factual rain forest, stretch over a series of steep ridges and valleys which form the eastern border of the Albertine Rift Valley. Tourism in Bwindi focuses on Gorilla tracking at two locations, Buhoma which is newly established, a location at Nkuringo. More than half of the World’s mountain Gorilla population is resident in Bwindi. An estimated 320 individuals living in 15 troops.
With four Gorilla groups available for tourists in Bwindi, it makes it to be the major touris activity in Bwindi. Mubare Group (10 gorillas, 1 silverback) was launched for tourism in 1993; then Rushegura group (10 gorillas, 1 Silverback) was opened in July 2004; Habinyanja group (18 gorillas, 1 Silverback) opened 1st July 1998; and finally Nkuringo group (19 gorillas, 2 silverbacks) was opened for tourism in April 2004. This stunning park inhabits at about 120 mammal species.
The list consists of small mammals for example; Bats and Rodents, and over other 11 types of primates’ including; the black and white colobus monkeys and Olive baboon, healthy chimpanzee population. It’s on record that Bwindi has 350 bird species of particular interest to birders are 23 species endemic to the Albertine Rift, about 14 species on record nowhere else in Uganda. Thehhy include; African green broadbill, brown necked parrot and frazers eagle owl, white-tailed blue flycatcher. In addition to its extensive bird checklist, Bwindi is also a home to at least 200 butterfly species, including eight Albertine Rift Endemics.
This Park is broadly considered to enhance a variety of any East African forest, and Buhoma area has a lot to offer than just Gorilla tracking. 5 trails, ranging from 40 minutes to eight hours lead from Buhoma contribution to the opportunity to have the humility of the forest and a number of monkey species. For birding, over 190 bird species are on record in the Buhoma area.
Waterfall trail; this avails striking feature of the jungle with a large amount of tree ferns, epiphytic ferns, orchids and Bwindi’s vibrant array of butterflies. This track that leads to 3 amusement crystal waterfalls which typifies your feeling of a tropical could forest.
The Rushura Trail; this is a 3 hours track and offers good views across the western rift valley floor. Ivo River Trail; this is greatest trail in the park and will take you for a full day. To the west, Congo’s Parc Nationale des Virungas provides spectacular backdrop and on clear days like Lake Edward and the Rwenzori Mountains.
Buhoma Village Tour walk; A latest introduction is a three-hour stroll through Buhoma and its margins to see the customs and practices of the Bakiga and Batwa people. The tour take sin varied activities such as farming, brewing local beer, dispensing traditional medicines and concludes with dancing displays by members of the Batwa community.
Then Muzubijiro Loop track; this trail offers breath attractive views of Bwindi Forest, Virungas, white-tailed blue flycatcher.
Munyanga River trail; sited outside Bwindi national park. It’s a brief walk for tourist with little time. Here you can see birds and primates of the forest border.
Take note of duikers, primates and both forest and grassland bird species. In Ruhija, tourist can take the 3- 4 scenery packed hike to Mubwindi swamp. You may also walk to the Bamboo zone (the only such area in the park). Hit the Trail in your safari car; Tourist with their 4*4 should consider crossing the rough centre of the park via Ruhija. This transect enables the tourists with Uganda’s finest vistas of deep uninterrupted forests.
The Bamboo trail offers 14 vegetation types and is one of the areas of highest diversity in the park. You witness panoramic views encompassing L. Bunyonyi and Mafuga forestat the top of this trail. In the evenings, participate in captivating traditional performances presented by Women’s groups. Proceeds from these go directly to improve the welfare of families around the park.
Options for Accommodation
Gorilla Forest Camp: It’s a modern camp with tents, flash toilets and solar power. Sanctuary lodges owns it, this fabulous camp is the luxurious option at Bwindi. The secluded self-contained walk-in-twin tents are protected beneath a thatch roof extending over a private deck, while meals and drinks are served in an originally decorated-sided common area. A diversity of monkeys habitually passes the ground.
Gorilla Resort is the newest luxury camp out of the forest at Buhoma. The camp is made up of a central lodge building with a suspended deck. This features a campfire overlooking the rain forest, lounge, restaurant and a bar.
Mantana Camp: This classic site tented camp adjacent to a small patch of the forest rustling with birdlife. The self-contained tents all have solar lighting, an eco-friendly toilet and a private veranda.
Volcanoes Bwindi Camp Bwindi Lodge: Amidst many noises of forest life, it is the ideal place to experience the thrilling of this impenetrable forest. Home to gorillas, birds, monkeys, chimpanzees.
Budget and Camping (Bring your own tent).
Buhoma Homestead; situated within the edge of the forest is this mid-range lodge, Wild Frontiers Uganda operates it.
Lake Kitandara Camp; Situated outside the park gate at Buhoma. It has newly been upgraded in 2006 with each tent supplied with piped hot water, flushing toilet, a hand washing and bath tap, bath room mirror, towel rack and solar power.
Distance between Kampala – Kabale its 4140 km on bitumen surface and takes 6-7 hours.
Then 120 km from Kabale to Buhoma Park Headquarters via Kanungu and Kanyantoroogo on murram surface take 3-4 hours, you need a 4WD vehicle. Kabale-Ruhija-Buhoma is 95 Km and takes about 3-4 hours. The public rarely uses the road.