Lake Kyoga is a large shallow lake and is located in central Uganda north of Lake Victoria; 914 m above sea level. The lake has fingerlike extensions with a surface of 1,720 sq. km. Then its average depth reaches 3 m; and its maximum depth is 5.7 m. The Victoria Nile flows through it on its way from Lake Victoria to Lake Albert.
Extensions of this lake include Lake Kwania, Lake Bisina and Lake Opeta. These “finger lakes” are surrounded by swampland during rainy seasons. All lakes in the Lake Kyoga basin are shallow, usually reaching a depth of only eight or nine meters, and Lake Opeta forms a separate lake during dry seasons.
It has a rich biodiversity these include flora and fauna such as Cyperus Papyrus, Hyppo Grass (Vossia Cuspidate), Cattail (Typha spp.), Water Lily (Nymphea spp.), Water Lettuce (Pistia stratiodes). Large crocodile populations are also found in the lake and also 46 different fish species live in Lake Kyoga which some of them are endemic. The Nile Perch (Lates niloticus) was introduced into Lake Kyoga in the late 1950s to increase the fish production. The Nile Perch profileration led to the almost complete elimination of many domestic fish species, such as Synodontis victoriae, Engraulicypris argentus, Barbus kiogae, Tilapia esculenta, Tilapia variabilis, Mormyrus kanumme, Clarias mossambicus, Schilbe mystus and Haplochromis macrodon.